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The Hogansville Herald
Manchester, Georgia
March 21, 2013     The Hogansville Herald
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March 21, 2013

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HOGANSVIIJ_ HERALD - THURSDAY, MARCH 21,2013 PAGE 5-A Randy Drinkard, County Extension Agent The herbicide contained the active ingredients glyphosate, which most of Spring is here and that you know as Roundup, and means that plant diseases, prodiamine, which blocks insect pests and weeds wilI new plant growth. be here soon, too. ..... So" tie homeowner not This is the time that many only lost his lawn, but he could gardeners will be not replant for a while due to to spray with pesticid W / prodiamine in the herbicide. When using pesti ldes ,itHe talked to three is very important t -knowemployees at:his local garden how to properly apply 'these center before he bought the products. :, product, but none of them Last year, UGAE ensionwarned him that the herbi- sent an email to', orgia cide would kill his lawn, Extension Agents 'Sbout a This story prompts me to man who accidentally killed remind everyone how impor- his lawn with a product he rant it is to read the label on thought was just for weed pesticides and herbicides. control. When people call me about a pesticide, I always tell ON THE back of the bot- them, "Be sure to read the tie under Use Precautions, it label." plainly stated, "Do not Use on The label gives you Desirable Plants," and "Do important information about not Use in Lawns." He made howtousethepesticideeffec- a huge mistake, tively and safely. You should always read the label before you buy the product and read it again before you use the product. Do not rely on your mem ry when you buy a pesticide that you have used before. Read the name of the pes- ticide product carefully because many pesticides for the home, yard and garden have similar names and pack- aging. BE SURE you are buying the right product. I've had people tell me they accidently sprayed their lawn or plants with a herbi- cide when they thought they had actually picked up an insecticide. So, pay close attention to what you use. Getting into the habit of looking at the label every time you use a product can pre- vent these kinds of mix-ups from happening, and also keeps you, your landscape, and the people around you safe. It is important that you follow the directions exactly as they are given on the label, and only use the pesticide on sites or plants that are listed on the label. When a plant is not listed on the label, it could mean the pesticide has not been tested on them, and that it could harm or kill that plant. THE PESTICIDEIabel will tell you how to apply the product, when to apply it and how much to use for differ- ent areas and different pests. For example, an insecti- cide may list one amount for certain insect pests, and another amount for other pests. Never use more than the label prescribes. Using more can be waste- ful, damage the plants, leave an excess amount of the chemical on your food crops or harm non-target organ- isms, such as beneficial insects. The label will also tell you whether a product is safe to use inside your home, whether it is safe to use on food crops and whether you need to keep children and pets away from a treated area after you spray. Many turf and ornamen- tal pesticides should not be used on vegetables, fruit crops, herbs or anything else that you plan to eat. The pesticide label also will list special precautions to take. These include keep- ing other people - especially children- and pets away from the area where the pesticide was applied. It will also include warnings about not applying pesticides when it is wet or windy to prevent the pesticide from drifting or running off into storm water. Pesticide labels always contain a signal word that will tell you how toxic the prod- uct is to humans. These three signal words are caution, warning or dan- ger. Signal words will usual- ly be in capital letters. THE LEAST toxic prod- ucts carry the signal word CAUTION. Products with the signal word WARNING are more toxic. The most toxic pesti- cides have DANGER on their labels. And finally, the label will tell you what steps to take if someone has accidentally ingested or inhaled the chem- ical or gotten it on their skin or in their eyes. Randy Drinkard, County The flowers bloom However, even the best Extension Agent, UGA between spring and into early broadleaf herbicide will take C~opemtlve Exten$1on summer, repeated applications to These flowers produce achieve good control of wild There's nothing more seeds that help propagate and violets. beautiful than a wildflower, disperse the plant. You must be both patient unless it is in the wrong place, Controlling violets beforeand persistent with herbicide Wild violets are considered they flower can reduce theapplications for wild violets. wildflowers to some and number of weeds that return. Some of the best products weeds to others. Wild violets have a wide on the market contain the Wild violets are among range of distribution fromactive ingredients 2,4-D, some of the toughest, most dif- Canada to Florida and can tol- MCPP, dicamba or triclopyr. ficult lawn weeds to control, erate many different types ofDepending on the mixture, Violets are a diverse group environments, they may only be labeled for that includes both winter use on certain grasses, so be annual and perennial species. HOWEVER, they tend to sure to read the label and The perennial violets have be more prolific in their pre- check the type of grass in your deep underground root struc- ferred habitat: shady, moist lawn to avoid potential dam- tures called rhizomes and locations, age. stolons. Quite often, these are As with all herbicides, These root structures areas that are not well suited always read and follow all' allow wild violets to persist in to growing turf grass, label application instructions lawns for many years and Therefore, the grass cannot and safeW precautions. make these plants difficult to competewiththebetter-adapt- Many lawn herbicides on control, ed weeds, like wild violets, in the market today contain two- these areas, and three:way mixtures of OFTEN, pulling out these One strategy for manag- these chemicals in the active weeds is both very difficult ing wild violets includes cor- ingredient, which allows them and futile, rec g iyso ldrainageprob-to control'more Wide:i an ingTM : While ': lets, ' fhinning tree limbs weed probIemS.' ........ :' ...... people usually break off'part to allow rn0re sunlight for your oftherhizomeorunderground lawn. THESE products are com- root, which allows the plant to Areas that receive less monlyfoundatmanylocalgar- regenerate, than four hours of sunlight will den centers and farm supply One of the more familiar not sustain grass and should stores. forms of wild violet has heart- be landscaped with shrubs or More herbicide options shaped leaves on long stalks groundcovers adapted to are available for wild violet arranged in a rosette near the shade, control, but are limited to use soil. Totally shaded areas only by licensed commercial Flowers range from pur-should be covered with pine lawn companies. ple or pink to white or yellow, straw or other mulch materi- For more detailed infor- usually with five petals, als. marion on using herbicides, Somemightconsiderthese There are several selec- see our UGA Extension pub- "pretty flowers" until they tive herbicides that can be lication "Weed Control in start growing somewhere in used to control wild violets Home Lawns" online at unwanted locations, without damaging your lawn. www.caes.uga.edu. Randy Drinkard, County Extension Agent Springtime is a time of anticipation and outdoor fun. By accomplishing a few out- door chores early, we can have a landscape that provides us beauty and enjoyment all year. T he list of possible land- scape jobs is almost endless. But focus now on the more important tasks. It is agood time, for instance, for last-minute prun- ing. Now is the time to prune woody ornamentals if you have not already done so. Remember to prune plants that bloom in early spring, suchas dogwoods, forsythia and azaleas, immediately after they bloom - if they need a trim. Pruning now will remove the flower buds. Use quality prul~g tools that are razor s~. DOn't leave stubs when you prune. Cut just above a dormant bud on shrubs and close to the main branches on trees, Spring is also an ideal time to fertilize your shrubs. Applying a slow-release fer- tilizer in late March or early April will provide your plants "a supply of energy for the entire growing season. Otherwise, use a complete fertilizer such as 10-10-10 at one tablespoon per foot of plant height. Be careful not to over-fer- 0Jize. Your plants don't need excessive growth, and the environment doesn't need the fertilizer your plants can't take up. Not every plant in the land- scape needs fertilizer. Mature, large shrubs may not need any additional growth or added nutrition. Early Spring is a great time to prepare annual and peren- nial flower beds, too. Although it is still just a bit too early to plant tender annuals and veg- etables, you will be ready for planting next month by tilling your flower beds and veg- etable gardens andaddingrich compost or topsoil now. Check to be sure your flower beds have good drainage so the plants' roots can develop prop- erly. Raised beds often work best for annuals. Shrubs can be safely added to your landscape in the spring, as well. When pur- chasing plants, check the root balls to see if plentiful, fibrous roots are present. Do not buy plants having sparse root sys- tems or plants that have dark, discolored or rotted roots, Remember to provide ample space for new plants to grow properly and reach their mature size. Weed control is critical in the spring. As the ground begins to warm, many weeds are just waiting to germinate. It is easier to control weeds at an early stage or prevent them altogether than to pull them out later when they are mature and tough. Apply a recom- mended pre-emergent herbi- cide as soon as possible or add landscape fabric weed cloth or mulch to help prevent weeds in the lawn and flower garden. Apply a 3 to 4 inch layer of pine straw, chips or other mulch material to the landscape bed to help prevent weeds from growing. Houseplants can go back outside, too, as daytime tem- peratures climb above 50 degrees. It is a good idea to bring plants back in, howev- er, if nighttime temperatures dip lower than 50 degrees. Clean up ferns by removing old, crumpled foliage. Repot houseplants that have become root bound. Start back on the regular watering and fertiliz- ing schedule as the days. get warlTler. Don't forget about your equipment. If you have not done so, it is still a good idea to drain and change the oil in your rototillers, weed eaters and mowers. Be sure all nuts, bolts and belts are tight and that blades are sharp. Check hand tools such as shovels, hoes and rakes for cracked or dry handles. Treat them with linseed off or. paint them to protect them and extend their life. Tuesday, April 9, 2013 * ll:30AM Columbus Iron Works and Trade Center Columbus, Georgia Seating is limited! Tickets for the luncheon: $50 per person or $425 for a table of eight Registration deadline is April 2, 2013. PRESENTING SPONSOR Register online at www.pilink.org call 706-649-6362 ext. 1247. or [] Dugtn'S OUTDOORS LAGRANGL GA WWW.DuDLEYSOUTIlOORS.I]OM , ._,..